What Causes a Heart Attack?

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Опубликовано: 2020-01-28
Продолжительность: 05:20
What is the leading cause of heart attacks worldwide?
Atherosclerosis.

That’s athero, which talks about the vessels in our heart, plus sclerosis, which means fibrosis of those vessels.

Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of heart attacks worldwide. Understanding how this disease can lead to an attack starts with how your immune system works both for you and against you.

The good news is that thanks to medical advancements, people are living longer and surviving in the face of this disease.

So what are the symptoms of a heart attack? Symptoms of a heart attack include pain down the left side of your arm, shortness of breath, nausea and these are all associated with that cutoff of blood flow to the heart.

Risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attacks include things that you can control like smoking, obesity, and diet—especially cholesterol. And some you can’t control, like age.

Cholesterol is a type of fat that’s made by our liver, and also absorbed from animal-derived foods. And there are two main types—HDL and LDL, commonly referred to as “good” and “bad” cholesterol. The bad cholesterol builds up on the walls of your arteries, increasing your risk of a heart attack, while HDL or good cholesterol works to clear bad cholesterol out.

On this episode of SICK, we sat down with DeLisa Fairweather, a PhD researchers in Jacksonville, Florida working at the Mayo Clinic, to learn more about the most common cause of heart attacks worldwide. Watch to learn more.

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SICK is a new series that looks at how diseases actually work inside our body. We'll be visiting medical centers and talking to top researchers and doctors to uncover the mysteries of viruses, bacteria, fungi and our own immune system. Come back every Tuesday for a new episode and let us know in the comments which diseases you think we should cover next.
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