The Evolution of TOM and JERRY in Television Film 1940 2018

Смотреть онлайн

Опубликовано: 2020-04-22
Продолжительность: 10:45
The Evolution of TOM and JERRY in Television Film 1940 2018 Tom and Jerry History
Tom and Jerry is an American animated series of comedy short films created in 1940 by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. The main protagonist, Tom was a blue-grey longhair cat while Jerry, the second protagonist, was a small and brown, house mouse.
They stayed close to the rules of physics, aiming for realism but with exaggeration. The curious thing about all this is the affection between them, despite the pain. The cartoon seemingly has an interminable history which can be divided into different eras based on the producers and the style of animation.
Hanna-Barbera
(1940–1958)
There had already been enough cat & mouse cartoons. Regardless, Hanna-Barbera stood their ground, and Tom & Jerry made their debut in February 1940 in the short Puss Gets the Boot. But they were yet to become Tom and Jerry. On their introduction, they were Jasper and Jinx. The short was an instant hit but the names were not.

Barbera and Hanna went for stylization and more graphic violence. In the first cartoon, Jerry punches Tom directly in the eye – a sign of things to come. In their otherwise domestic life, war is a constant, and all weaponry, sharp or not, can be used.

Gene Deitch
(1961-1962)
After the MGM cartoon studio closed in 1957, MGM revived the series with Gene Deitch directing an additional 13 Tom and Jerry shorts from 1961 to 1962.
These 13 differed from Hanna-Barbera’s original in their settings. Unlike the originals that were set inside or outside a house, these 13 shorts moved to more exotic locations including a whaling ship, jungles of Nairobi, Ancient Greek acropolis, and the Wild West.
They also changed Tom’s owner Mammy Two-Shoes, a heavy-set, middle-aged, black woman, to Clint Cobbler, a bald, overweight, short- tempered, middle-aged white man. Tom and Jerry then became the highest- grossing animated short film series of that time.
Chuck Jones
(1963-1967)
Chuck Jones, the man behind Looney Tunes’ Wile E Coyote and Roadrunner started his own studio and produced another 34 shorts between ‘63 and ’67. Jones brought his characteristic style to the characters.Tom got Wile E-style bushy, knitted eyebrows, a gray fur, sharper ears, longer tail, and fuller cheeks, while Jerry was given bigger ears and cuter facial characteristics on the lines of Porky Pig. Jones’s Tom & Jerry series also introduced the iconic theme tune that is still used, and the timeless title sequence with a hissing Tom replacing MGM’s lion.

The Tom and Jerry Show
(1975-1977)
Barbera and Hanna returned in ’75 with their own show but there were some visible differences. There were strict new rules against violence in kids’ television.This meant that the amount and form of violence had to be toned down, and often the sworn enemies had to become best friends or at least help each other.These 48 seven-minute short cartoons were paired with Grape Ape and Mumbly cartoons which initially ran on ABC Saturday mornings between September 1975 and September 1977.
Filmation Studios
(1980–1982)
Filmation Studios’ version titled The Tom and Jerry Comedy Show debuted in 1980, and featured new cartoons starring Droopy, Spike, Slick Wolf, and Barney Bear.
Tom and Jerry Kids
(1990–1994)
Co-produced by Turner Entertainment Co. and Hanna-Barbera Productions, the new show debuted on Fox Kids and for a few years, aired on British children’s block, CBBC. It featured a youthful version of the famous cat-and-mouse duo chasing each other.

Weekend television cartoon in the 1980s & 90s saw the emerging trend of ‘babyfication’ or popular cartoon characters. Tom & Jerry also joined the bandwagon, and the series featured a bow-tie wearing Jerry and a red cap-wearing Tom chasing each other.

One-off productions
(2001; 2005)

Two more shorts were produced. The Mansion Cat in ‘01, The Karate Guard in ’05 which was written and directed by Barbera and Spike Brandt, storyboarded by Joseph Barbera and Iwao Takamoto, and produced by Joseph Barbera, Spike Brandt and Tony Cervone.

Warner Bros. Animation
(2006–Present)
Thirteen half-hour episodes were produced, with only markets outside of the United States and United Kingdom signed up. The show then came to the UK in February 2006 on Boomerang, and it went to the U.S. on Kids’s WB on The Cartoon Network but the series was canceled in 2008.

Cartoon Network, which began rerunning the Tom and Jerry Tales in January 2012, subsequently aired a second series consisting of two 11-minute shorts per episode that likewise sought to maintain the look, core characters and sensibility of the original theatrical shorts.